The pass is a dangerous road, so it requires the driver to have a certain amount of experience in passing to ensure safety.
Our country has many great passes such as Bao Loc Pass, Hai Van Pass, Ma Pi Leng Pass, O Quy Ho Pass… Located in the middle of the mountains, possessing majestic beauty, but these passes are also dangerous roads. most dangerous.
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Like Bao Loc pass with a length of just over 10 km, but there are dozens of dangerous “elbow” bends, many winding sections. Every year, Bao Loc Pass happens a lot of collisions and serious traffic accidents. This has made many people feel confused and worried. However, the cause of car accidents due to crooked roads is only a small part. Much of it is mainly because of the lack of awareness of the vehicle driver, reckless overtaking, speeding, encroaching on the lane…
Therefore, if well-prepared, fully equipped with knowledge of pass experience, especially driving in compliance with regulations, the driver can completely conquer these treacherous passes safely.
How to go to the pass by automatic transmission AT
Although how to drive automatic transmission simpler than a manual car, but that’s only under normal conditions. When going on a pass, there will be many cases where the driver needs to switch to manual mode for better speed control.
Most car models AT . automatic transmission, CVT . continuously variable transmission, DCT . dual clutch transmission… all have the same layout, including modes: P (park), R (backward), N (self-measurement), D (forward). Outside automatic numeric symbols With this basic, the car also often has a manual number symbol in the form of M+/-, D (D2, D3), L (L2)… Manual mode can be controlled via Glitter shifting on the steering wheel or through the gear lever.
How to climb a mountain pass with an AT vehicle as well as when traveling on a normal road, the driver only needs to leave the number D. At this time, the ECU will calculate and automatically shift the appropriate gear based on the throttle position and speed.
Going down the pass with an automatic transmission car will be a bit more complicated than climbing the pass. Because when going down the pass, the car will tend to rush quickly according to inertia. If you only control the speed by constantly checking the brakes, the brake system will be under great pressure, easily causing the brakes to overheat, burn the brakes, or even lose the brakes. Therefore, in order to control the speed well when the vehicle descends the mountain safely, the driver needs to use the engine brake.
To brake the engine with an automatic transmission, the driver should switch to the manual mode, and the gear should be in the low gear mode D3, L2 or M- depending on the layout of each vehicle. At this time, the slope (potential energy) will be the driving force, and the engine will help brake the car.
In case you have switched to D3, L2 or M- and see that the car is still going fast, the speed is not safe (usually over 50 km/h), you need to use the brake a lot, then continue to lower the gear, pull the gear lever. to D2, L or M- mode again. When the vehicle speed is in the range of 40 – 50 km/h, without pressing the brake pedal, it means you have chosen the right gear suitable for the slope of the pass. Now just pedal brake when necessary, there is no need to constantly check the brake.
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For passes with many short slopes that need to go up and down continuously, it is best to choose manual mode to go the pass. Apply the principle of “up to number, down to number”. This will save you from having to manipulate the gear lever too much.
How to go to the pass with a manual transmission car MT
When riding the pass by car gearbox, the driver needs to use the clutch – throttle – the number suitable for the slope of the pass. Compared to driving an automatic transmission car, how to drive a manual transmission car Going to the pass will be more complicated but not too difficult.
When climbing the mountain, you need to shift the car to a low gear to increase traction like 3, 2 or 1. Without any regulations on climbing the mountain, choose what gear. Because the choice of number will depend on the slope of the pass. And also will not necessarily have to keep a certain number to climb the pass, but need to customize flexibly according to the slope of each pass segment.
According to the experience of riding a manual transmission car, it is necessary to coordinate the clutch – throttle – number to keep the momentum of the car and not overload the engine. Depending on the capacity and weight of the vehicle, the engine rpm should be adjusted accordingly. Normally, the engine rpm should be above 2,000 rpm to avoid the engine being weak and the car losing momentum. However, you should not let the engine rpm be too high like over 3,000 rpm because it will make the engine work hard.
When going downhill, use the engine brake. Apply the principle of “up to any number, down to that number”. In case the speed of the car going downhill is still a bit fast, it can be 1 gear lower than when going up. If the vehicle is slowing down while going down a hill, then the clutch can be depressed to let the vehicle drift for a short distance, then release the clutch so that the vehicle can continue to be braked by the engine. Note to avoid going in and out of numbers continuously because it can easily lead to not being able to enter the right number when needed.
Experiences of safe mountain pass
Go on the right side of the road
This is the safe experience of going to Bao Loc pass shared by many “old drivers” but also the one that many people are most prone to make mistakes. The pass is usually narrow, one side is a cliff, the other is an abyss. If a dangerous confrontation occurs, the vehicle usually has no way to avoid it. Therefore, the possibility of a collision with an oncoming vehicle is very high. Therefore, absolutely only go on your own side of the road, do not encroach on the lane. If you see a familiar car or motorbike encroaching on the road, do not follow them.
Avoid sticking to the road markings
When running on the pass, some people with low awareness often speed up, overtake carelessly, encroach on the lane without observation, etc., easily push vehicles going in the opposite direction into dangerous situations. Therefore, to ensure safety, do not stick too closely to the road markings, especially when the car turns a corner or when driving in the rain, driving on slippery roads, foggy road driving… Leave space in case of unexpected situations.
Stick to the right line to avoid oncoming traffic
If you see a vehicle moving in the opposite direction, encroaching on the lane, running at high speed, or “cutting the road” when cornering, it is best to let the vehicle follow the limit line or the right marker to avoid it.
Run at the specified speed
At the road sections on the pass, there are usually speed limit signs. Drivers need to comply with this speed to ensure safety. Even if you see an empty road, you should not speed up because if you encounter an unexpected situation, you will not be able to handle it in time. In the event that the following vehicle honks its horn, please take the initiative to pull over and give way.
Keep a safe distance
A safe climbing experience is to keep a distance from the vehicle in front. Whether climbing a pass or going down a pass, absolutely do not follow, especially with large trucks, container trucks, tractors… Keeping a safe distance will help the driver to promptly handle the situation if a situation occurs. Suddenly, for example, the car in front of you suddenly brakes or an accident occurs.
Be careful when cornering
The majority of traffic accidents on the pass happen at bends. The reason is due to encroaching on the road when cornering, carelessly overtaking when cornering, running too fast when cornering… Therefore, every time the driver turns a corner, he must be very careful, pay attention (observe the road and the convex mirror arranged on the side of the road). ), slow down, honk the signal, turn around, do not encroach on the opposite lane and should not stick to the center line. Absolutely no sharp turns, high speed rewinding.
Use the right lights
If you go to the pass during the day, it’s foggy and cloudy, you should turn on the fog lights and navigation lights LED daytime. If night driving If you climb the pass, use headlight with the far/near projection mode in accordance with the actual situation. You should switch from the high beam to the near side if you see a car coming from the opposite direction or when you are about to turn a corner.
Do not overtake carelessly
Many accidents happen on Bao Loc pass due to the reason that the car overtakes carelessly on the pass. The pass is very narrow, so to pass, you often have to encroach on the opposite lane. At this time, if you encounter a vehicle traveling in the opposite direction, both do not brake in time, the risk of collision is very large.
As specified in Traffic laws, vehicles are not allowed to overtake when running on roundabouts, slopes, locations with limited visibility, roads that are not safe for overtaking… But the pass road is where there are many turns, slopes, and limited visibility. … should be in one of the cases where overtaking is not allowed. On the pass, there are often notice board Overtaking is prohibited, lanes are divided by solid painted lines. Therefore, do not overtake carelessly on the pass, pass where it is not allowed to pass, especially right over the hidden bend.
Downhill without brake
If you apply the brake when going downhill, the brake will be under great pressure. This can easily cause the brakes to overheat, wear out the brake pads, burn the brakes, and lose the brakes. Therefore, when going down the hill, it is necessary to use the engine brake by shifting the car to a low gear. As for the brake pedal, only step firmly in necessary situations, do not check the brake for a long time.
Going downhill does not return to N, turn off the engine
When going downhill, do not change gears to N or turn off the engine. Many many think this is how to save gas. However, the reality is extremely dangerous. Because when shifting to N or turning off the engine, the car will drift freely very quickly according to inertia. At this time, the driver can only control the vehicle speed with the brake pedal. But if you keep applying the brakes on a long distance, the brakes are very hot, causing the brakes to burn, even the worst case scenario. The car has lost its brakes.
While shifting to low gear, the car will be assisted by the engine brake, the driver does not need to use a lot of brakes. Therefore, absolutely do not return to N or turn off the engine when the car goes downhill.
Actively give way
“For a moment, the waves are calm, the wind is calm. Take a step back, the sea is wide and the sky is high” – an old saying is probably very appropriate when driving a car to the pass. Because on the pass, the road is narrow, one side is cliff, one side is deep, the terrain is winding and winding… So if possible, always actively give way. Because this not only shows a sense of supporting others when participating in traffic, but also a way to protect yourself, avoiding unnecessary risks.
Stop and park at the specified place
The pass is very narrow, so it is not allowed to stop and park arbitrarily, only stop in emergency situations and need to turn on the warning lights. On the pass, there will sometimes be a number of stops, the driver can stop here.
Car notes before going to the pass
Before going on the pass, to ensure a safe journey to limit risks, the driver should:
Tire check: Test tire pressuretire wear… If Automobile tires worn out, used over 5-6 years, it should be replaced. Because old tires are often weak, the possibility of punctures, blow very high.
Brake test: Check system brake condition, brake pads, brake fluid… If you see any abnormality in the brake system such as brake is squealing, brake is heavy, low brake pedal… it needs to be taken to the garage for immediate handling.
Wiper test: Wiper When working properly, it is possible to clean the windshield and ensure visibility. Therefore, before going away, you should check the wipers and replace them if the wipers show signs of wear, hard bottles…
Fuel test: On steep passes, there are rarely gas stations, so the car needs to be filled with fuel before going up or down the pass.