To avoid dangerous risks, you should refer to the following experiences, notes and techniques when driving a car on the highway.
Highway driving experience
Choose the right lane
Many “new talents” often wonder which lane to choose on the highway? This will depend on the vehicle type, speed and level of the driver. Each lane will have its own advantages and disadvantages. If an expressway has 4 lanes (no vehicle type specified), normally the 2 left lanes close to the center of the road will be the same-speed lane (same speed limit), the middle lane has a lower speed, the innermost lane will be the same speed lane. is an emergency stop lane.
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Features of highway lanes:
Lane close to the center of the road: With this lane, cars can run at the highest speed in the lanes, good observation, just need to stay on one side of the road. According to highway driving experience, this is the easiest lane to run if you have certain driving skills. However, this lane also has the disadvantage that it is easy to honking to ask for overtaking if the car is not running at high speed.
The middle lane: This lane has the advantage of being able to run at the highest speed in the lanes, good observation. The downside is that it has to be aligned on both sides. This is quite difficult for new drivers who are not very experienced. If the steering wheel is out of control, it will be very dangerous to deviate from the lane.
Low speed lane: This lane has the advantage of being able to run slower, easy to align, just need to align to one side. The disadvantage is that they often have to pass large trucks and container trucks. Because these vehicles are heavy and carry heavy loads, the traffic speed is slower, so most of them will run in this lane.
From the characteristics of the highway lanes above, it can be seen why new drivers, who do not have much experience in highway driving, often choose the leftmost lane, close to the center of the road. Saying this is not to “cheer” to go on the highway and run to the outermost lane. Anyone who drives a car goes through a familiarization phase and then can slowly improve their skills and gain experience. Therefore, according to the instructions for driving on the highway, depending on the conditions and the situation, flexibly choose the appropriate lane.
Run at the indicated speed
On highways, there are always speed signs and signposts. Depending on the actual situation, each expressway and section of road will have different instructions. Through these signs, the driver will know how many lanes the road has, how to divide it, what is the speed limit for each lane, etc.
Particularly for speed regulations, there will be maximum speed and minimum speed. The maximum speed sign on the highway is a white sign, red border, black text. The minimum speed sign is a blue sign with white letters. The maximum speed of the expressway is not more than 120 km/h. The minimum highway speed is usually around 50-60 km/h.
When driving on the highway, the driver needs to follow the signposts, especially the speed sign in order to run at the prescribed speed in his lane. Not only need to pay attention to the maximum speed, but also need to know the minimum speed to maintain a suitable speed to ensure safety. Because on the highway, if you run too slowly, it is also very dangerous.
Keep a safe distance
An important highway driving technique is to always keep a safe distance. Because this will give the driver enough time to handle unexpected situations from the front, avoid collisions, especially the “concentrated” continuous collisions.
On highways, there are often signs specifying the minimum distance between two vehicles. When encountering this sign, maintain a distance equal to or greater than the value indicated on the sign. In normal dry road conditions, the general safe distance is:
- Vehicles traveling at a speed of 60 km/h: Minimum safe distance of 35 m
- Vehicles traveling at speeds from 60 to less than 80 km/h: Minimum safe distance of 55 m
- Vehicles traveling at speeds from 80 to less than 100 km/h: Minimum safe distance of 70 m
- Vehicles traveling at speeds from 100 to less than 120 km/h: Minimum safe distance of 100 m
A note when driving on the highway, in special cases where the vehicle speed is below 60 km/h, the driver also needs to actively adjust the appropriate distance. This distance will depend on the density of vehicles and the actual traffic situation.
When driving in the rain, driving in the fog, driving on slippery roads… the safe distance should be greater than the minimum. The more limited the view, the more difficult the road conditions, the higher the safe distance should be.
Experience changing lanes, changing directions on highways
Eligible for new lane change
According to the way of driving a car on a highway, change lanes only where it is allowed to change lanes. Before changing lanes, you need to carefully observe the sides. If it is safe to do so, turn on the turn signal, make the last look and change lanes. When changing lanes, the speed increases, decreases or stays the same depending on the actual situation and the specified speed of the newly entered lane.
Do not change lanes in a row
One rule of highway driving is not to change lanes in quick succession. Because it’s extremely dangerous. When changing lanes in a row, it will be very difficult for the driver to control the situation, especially in the high-speed lane. So if you want to change multiple lanes, do it sequentially one by one. After changing to a stable lane, then move to the next lane.
Do not change lanes near the turn
Do not change lanes when approaching the turn. Because when approaching the turn, many cars will change lanes to change direction into the turn. Therefore the situation will be more complicated. Therefore, if you do not intend to turn, you should limit changing lanes near this area.
If you change direction, prepare early
If you intend to change direction into the turn to get off the highway, prepare early. According to highway driving skills, the safe distance before the turn is 1 km, the transfer time is 3-5 minutes. When you want to change direction into a turn, change from the rightmost lane, not the middle lane or the leftmost lane. This violates the principle of changing lanes in a row, which is very dangerous.
In case if there is not enough time, distance or it is not safe to change direction, continue to move and wait for the next turn. Absolutely do not redirect ambiguous, indecisive.
Techniques of passing cars on the highway
Before overtaking, you need to carefully observe the vehicles running next to you. Only pass when qualified. There are two types of overtaking on highways: overtaking in different lanes and overtaking in the same lane. Either way, it needs to be carefully observed. Before passing, you need to turn on the turn signal or break the rock to signal the vehicle ahead.
Passing vehicles in different lanes
According to highway driving experience, if you pass a vehicle in a different lane, you should drive to a position so that your car enters the rearview mirror of the vehicle in front. Then honk your horn and flash your headlights to signal to the driver ahead. If you see them turn on their signal in their lane, there could be a problem ahead or they’re signaling they’re about to change lanes. At this point, slow down to monitor the situation.
If you ask to pass but do not see any signal from the vehicle in front, step on the accelerator so that the nose of your car runs horizontally with the car in front for about 2 seconds to observe the situation. If the road is clear and there is no problem, continue to step on the accelerator hard to pass decisively.
Passing vehicles in the same lane
When passing vehicles in the same lane, it is also necessary to signal with a horn (flashing headlights) combined with turn signals. If they see the vehicle in front turn on the turn signal, it means they want to notify that there is a problem ahead or they will change to another lane to give way. At this point, slow down to monitor the situation.
If the signal for overtaking is signaled, but the vehicle in front has no signal, change to the next lane. After changing lanes, apply the technique of passing vehicles in different lanes as above. When running in the next lane, accelerate until you can create a safe distance, the vehicle behind you fits in the mirror, then enter the old lane.
How to enter the expressway
Entering the wrong expressway lane can lead to a very high risk of an accident. So be very careful. How to enter the expressway safely as follows:
Step 1: Turn on the turn signal
Before driving onto the highway, turn signals should be turned on to signal and ask for directions.
Step 2: Accelerate at the same speed as the other vehicle
In the sections entering the expressway, a lane is usually arranged for speeding vehicles to prepare to enter the expressway. When entering this lane, pay attention to watch for vehicles behind in the expressway. If you see a continuous stream of vehicles in the lane you want to enter, wait patiently. Because when going from the branch road you will not be given priority. Other vehicles have the right to yield or not to yield. So pay close attention to look for gaps.
Step 3: Find a safe space and enter the lane
When you find a space, accelerate and merge with the vehicle at the same speed as the other vehicles.
When entering expressway lanes, it is necessary to note that when entering the expressway, it is necessary to remember to enter the lane definitely without lurking, do not enter the lane suddenly, lack of observation, and do not have warning lights. In addition, it is advisable to limit stopping in the acceleration lane to enter the lane. If the car is too crowded, can’t find a space, move at a safe speed to wait.
Rules for emergency stop lanes on highways
The emergency stop lane on the highway is the rightmost lane. Emergency stop lanes are usually narrower than other lanes and are separated by solid lines. The emergency stop lane on the highway is effective for vehicles in trouble to pull over and park to wait for an ambulance, to avoid affecting the traffic of other vehicles.
When the vehicle encounters an emergency situation and wants to stop in the emergency lane, the driver needs to turn on the hazard warning lights. Next, observe the vehicles moving behind, sequentially change lanes until you enter the emergency stop lane. Never change lanes in a row.
When you have stopped in the emergency lane, still turn on the warning lights to warn other vehicles, especially when driving at night. Turn the steering wheel to the right so that in case another car hits you, your car will rush out instead of rushing back onto the highway. Finally pull the handbrake. Then contact the nearest rescue unit. On highways, there are often signs printed with emergency service phone numbers. You can also look up the highway’s emergency service phone number online.
In case the vehicle is not in an emergency situation, absolutely do not arbitrarily stop in the emergency lane, do not run into the emergency lane, do not overtake other vehicles in the emergency lane…
Tips for driving on the highway
When driving on the highway, the driver should note:
- Do not arbitrarily stop or park on the highway except in case of an accident.
- Do not make a U-turn on the highway.
- Do not travel in the opposite direction on the highway.
- Do not reverse on the highway.
- Limit drive next to a big car such as trucks, container trucks, passenger cars … because it is easy to enter the blind spots of these vehicles, it is very dangerous
Penalties for violations on highways
According to the provisions of Articles 5, 6, 8, 9 of Decree No. 100/2019/ND-CP of the Government stipulating the sanctioning of administrative violations in the field of road traffic, the level of fines for automobile drivers I violated traffic rules on the highway as follows:
A fine of from 3 to 5 million dong, additional penalty of deprivation of the right to use a driving license from 1 to 3 months with the following errors:
- Failure to comply with regulations when entering or exiting the expressway
- Failure to stop in the emergency stop lane or highway curb
- Error changing lanes at the wrong place or no warning signal when running on the highway
- Failure to comply with the safety distance regulations with the vehicle in front on the highway
A fine of from 6 to 8 million dong, additional penalty of deprivation of the right to use a driving license from 2 to 4 months with the following errors:
- Failure to stop parking on the highway at the wrong place
- Error of no warning signal when forced to stop or park on the highway at the wrong place
- Error turning the car on the highway
A fine of from 16 to 18 million dong, additional penalty of deprivation of the right to use a driving license from 5 to 7 months with the following errors:
- Error of going in the opposite direction on the highway (except for priority vehicles on emergency duty as prescribed)
- Failure to reverse on the highway (except for priority vehicles on emergency duty as prescribed)